Myofascial Pain References

1. Simons DG: Myofascial pain syndrome: one term but two concepts; a new understanding. (Editorial) J Musculoskeletal Pain 3(1):7-13, 1995.

2. Travell JG, Simons DG: Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual, Vols. 1 and 2. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1983, 1992.

3. Skootsky SA, Jaeger B, Oye RK: Prevalence of myofascial pain in general internal medicine practice. West J Med 151:157-100, 1989.

4. Sola AE, Bonica JJ: Myofascial pain syndromes, Chap. 21. The Management of Pain.Edited by JJ Bonica, JD Loeser, CR Chapman, WE Fordyce, 2nd Ed. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, 1990, pp. 352-367.

5. Bennett RM: Myofascial pain syndromes and the fibromyalgia syndrome: a comparative analysis, Chap.2. Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia, Vol. 17 in the series Advances in Pain Research and Therapy. Edited by JR Fricton, EA Awad. Raven Press,New York, 1990, pp. 43-65.

6. Gerwin RD: The management of myofascial pain syndromes. J Musculoske Pain 1(3/4):83-94, 1993.

7. Fricton JR: Myofascial pain: clinical characteristics and diagnostic criteria. J Musculoske Pain 1(3/4):37-47, 1993.

8. Rosen NB: The myofascial pain syndromes. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America 4:41-63, 10.

9. Cranges G, Littlejohn G: Prevalence of myofascial pain syndrome in fibromyalgia syndrome and regional pain syndrome: a comparative study. J Musculoske Pain 1(2):19-35, 1993.

10. Hubbard DR, Berkoff GM: Myofascial trigger points show spontaneous needle EMG activity. Spine18:1803-1807,1993.

11. Hong C-Z: Considerations and recommendations regarding myofascial trigger point injection. J Musculoske Pain 2(1):29-59, 1994.

12. Wolfe F, Simons D, Fricton J, Bennett RM, Goldenberg DL, GenYin R, Hathaway, D, McCain GA, Russell IJ, Sanders HO, Skootsky SA: The fibromyalgia and myofascial pain syndromes: a preliminary study of tender points and trigger points in persons with fibromyalgia, myofascial pain syndrome and no disease. The Journal of Rheumatology Manual, Vol. 1. Williams & Wilkins, Baltilllore, 1983.19:944-951, 1992.

13. Rachlin ES: History and Physical examination for regional myofascial pain syndrome. Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia. Edited by ES Rachlin. Mosby, St. Louis, 1994, pp. 159172.

14. Perry F, Heller PH, Kamiya J, Levine JD: Altered autonomic function in patients with arthritis or with chronic myofascial pain. Pain 39:77-84, 1989.

15. Kraus H, Fischer AA: Diagnosis and treatment of myofascial pain. The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine 58:235-249, 1991.

16. Yunus MB: Research in fibromyalgia and myofascial pain syndrome: current status, problems and future decision. J Musculoske Pain l(l):23-41, 1993.

17. Yunus MB: Understanding myofascial pain syndromes: a reply. J Musculoske Pain 2(l):147-149, 1994.

18. Miller B: Manual therapy treatment of myofascial pain and dysfunction. Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia. Edited by ES Rachlin, Mosby, St. Louis, 1994, pp. 415-454.

19. Goldberg RT, Pachas WN: Childhood psychological traumas of patients with myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, facial pain, and other soft tissue disorders. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):80, 1995 (Abstract).

20. Littlejohn GO, Granges G: The relationship between vertebral dysfunction and clinical features of fibromyalgia syndrome. In Press, J Orthopedic Rheum Vol. 8, 1995.

21. Drewes AM, Jennum P: Epidemiology of myofascial pain, low back pain, morning sti iffness and sleep-related complaints in the general population. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):68, 1995 (Abstract).

22. Sola AE, Rodenberger ML, Gettys BB: Incidence of hypersensitive areas in posterior shoulder muscles. Am J Phys Med 34:585-590, 1955.

23. Schiffman EL, Fricton JR, Haley DP, Shapiro BL: The prevalence and treatment needs of subjects with temporomandibular disorders. JADA 120:295-303, 1990.

24. Fricton JR, Schiffman EL: Reliability of a craniomandibular index. J Dent Res 65(11):1359-1364, 1986.

25. Frbhlich D, Fr6h1ich R: Das Piriformissyndrom: eine h5ufige Differentialdiagnose des lumbglutdalen Schmerzes (Piriformis syndrome: a frequent item in the differential diagnosis of lumbogluteal pain). Manuelle Medizin 33:7-10, 1995.

26. Gerwin RD: A study of 96 subjects examined both for fibrornyalgia and myofascial pain. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):121, 1995 (Abstract).

27. Fishbain DA, Goldberg M, Meagher BR, Steele R, Rosomoff H: Male and female chronic pain patients categorized by DSM-111 psychiatric diagnostic criteria. Paih 26:181-197, 1986.

28. Simons DG, Travell JG: Myofascial origins of low back pain. Part 1. Postgrad Med 73:66-108, 1983.

29. Fricton JR, Kroening R, Haley D, Siegert R: Myofascial pain syndrome of the head and neck: A review of clinical characteristics of 164 patients. Oral Surg 60:615-623, 1985.

30. Finestone DH, Willingham SGJ, Koffman GE, Post SP, Bloch RB, Fisher DW: Physical and psychiatric impairment in patients with myofascial pain syndrome compared to patients with fibromyalgia. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1): 86, 1995 (Abstract).

31. Travell JG, Simons DG: Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual

32. Travell JG: Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndromes. Mysteries of the History, Chapter

6. In Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia, Advances in Pain Research and Therapy, Vol. 17, edited by J.R. Fricton and E.A.Awad, Raven Press, New York, 1990 (pp. 129-137).

33. Hong CZ, Chen YN, Twehous DA, Hong DH: Pressure threshold for referred pain by compression on the trigger point and adjacent areas. In press, J Musculoske Pain: 1996.

34. Travell JG, Simons DG: Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual, Vol 2. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1992.

35. Simons DG: Referred phenomena of myofascial trigger points, Chap. 28. New Trends in Referred Pain and Hyperalgesia, No. 27 in the series Pain Research and Clinical Management. Edited by L Vecchiet, D Albe-Fessard, U Lindblom and MA Giamberardino. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, 1993, pp. 341-357.

36. Vecchiet L, Dragani L, de Bigontina P, Obletter G, Giamberardino MA: Experimental referred pain and hyperalgesia from muscles in humans, Chap. 19. In New Trends in Referred Pain and Hyperalgesia, No. 27 in the series Pain Research and Clinical Management. Edited by L Vecchiet, D. Albe-Fessard, U. Linciblom and M.A. Giamberardino. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, 1993, pp. 239-249.

37. Vecchiet L, Giamberardino MA, de Bigontina P, Dragani L: Comparative sensory evaluation of parietal tissues in painful and non painful areas in fibromyalgia and myofascial pain syndrome, Chapter 13. In Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Pain, Progress in Pain Research and Management, Vol 2, edited by G.F. Gebhart, D.L. Hammond, T.S. Jensen. IASP Press, Seattle, 1994, pp. 177-249.

38. Scudds RA, Landry M, Birmingham T, Buchan J, Griffin K: The frequency of referred signs from muscle pressure in normal healthy subjects. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1): 1995 (Abstract).

39. Lykkegaard JJ, Hansen AH, Danneskiold-Sams~e B: Prevalence of joint hypermobility in patients with fibromyalgia, chronic low back pain and healthy controls. J Musculoske Pain 3(Supp] 1):117, 1995 (Abstract).

40. Donaldson CCS, Skubick DL, Clasby RG, Cram JR: The evaluation of trigger-point activity using dynamic EMG techniques. Am. J Pain Manag 4:118-122, 1004.

41. Nice DA, Riddle DL, Lamb RL, Mayhew TP, Rucker K: Intertester reliability of judgments of the presence of trigger points in patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 73:893-8(08,1992.
42. Njoo KH, Van der Does E: The occurrence and inter-rater reliability of myofascial trigger points in the quadratus lumborum and gluteus medius: a prospective study in non- specific low back pain patients and controls in general practice. Pain 58:317-323, 1904.

43. Gerwin RD, Shannon S, Hong C-Z, Hubbard D, Gevirtz R: Identification of myofascial trigger points: inter-rater agreement and effect of training. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):55, 1995 (Abstract).

44. Simons D: Muscular Pain Syndromes, Chapter 1. In Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia, Advances in Pain Research and Therapy, Vol. 17, edited by J.R. Fricton and E.A. Awad. Raven Press, New York, 1990 (pp. 1-41).

45. Fricton JR, Schiffillan EL, Haley DP: Incidence of masticatory myofascial pain. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):142, 1995 (Abstract).

46. Fricton JR, Schiffman EL, Haley DP, Zucuskie T:Risk factors for masticatory myofascial pain. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl ):56, 1995 (Abstract).

47. Pellegrino MJ, Waylonis GW, Sommer A: Familial occurrence of primary fibromyalgia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 70:61-63, 1989.

48. Simons DG: Familial fibromyalgia and/or myofascial pain syndrome? Arch Phys Med Rehabil 71:258-259, 1990. [commentary]

49. Hong C-Z, Torigoe Y: Electrophysiological characteristics of localized twitch responses in responsive taut bands of rabbit skeletal muscle. J Musculoske Pain 2(2):17-43,1994.

50. Simons DG, Hong C-Z, Simons LS: Prevalence of spontaneous electrical activity at trigger spots and control sites in rabbit muscle. J Musculoske Pain 3(1):35-48, 1995.

51. Gerwin R, Gevirtz R: Chronic myofascial pain: iron insufficiency and coldness as risk factors. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):120, 1995 (Abstract).

52. Fischer AA: Trigger point injections can be performed painfree using preinjection block (PIB). J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):140, 1995 (Abstract).

53. Hong C-Z, Hsueh T-C, Simons DG: Difference in pain relief after trigger point injections in myofascial pain patients with and without fibromyalgia. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):60, 1995 (Abstract).

54. Yaksh TL, Abram SE: Preemptive Analgesia. APS Journal 2: 116-121, 1993.

55. Katz J, Clairoux M, Kavanagh BP, Roger S, Nierenberg H, Redahan C, Sandler AN:Pre-emptive lumbar epidural anaesthesia reduces postoperative pain and patient-controlled morphine consumption after lower abdominal surgery. Pain 59: 395-403, 1994.

56. Sotgiu ML, Castagna A, Lacerenza M, Marchettini P: Pre-injury lidocain treatment prevents thermal hyperalgesia and cutaneous thermal abnormalities in a rat model of peripheral neuropathy. Pain 61:3-10, 1994.

57. Hong C-Z: Lidocaine Injection Versus Dry Needling to Myofascial Trigger Point: The Importance of the Local Twitch Response: Ain J Phys Med Rehabil 73:256-263, 1994.

58. Simons DG, Hong C-Z, Simons LS: Natu;e of myofascial trigger points, active loci. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):62, 1995.(Abstract)

59. Simons DG, Hong C-Z, Simons LS: Spontaneous electrical activity of trigger points.Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):124, 1995.(Abstract)

60. Simons DG, Hong C-Z, Simons LS: Spike activity in trigger points. J Musculoske Pain 3(Supp] 1): 125, 1995.(Abstract)

61. Wolfe F: Comment on C. C. Gunn - re: fibromyalgia. Pain 62:126-127, 1995 (letter).

62. Acquadro MA, Borodic GE. Treatment of myofascial pain with botulinum A toxin [letter]. Anesthesiology Mar;80(3):705-706, 1994.

63. Cheshire WP, Abashian SW, Mann JD: Botulinum toxin in the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome. Pain 59:65-69,1994.

64. Yue SK: Initial experience in the use of botulinum toxin A for the treatment of myofascial related muscle dysfunctions. J Musculoske Pain 3(Supp] 1):22, 1995 (Abstract).

65. Gundersen CB: The effects of botulinum toxin on the synthesis, storage and release of acetylcholine. Prog Neurobiol 14:99-119, 1980.

66. Wiederholt WC: "End-plate noise" in electromyography. Neurology 20:214-224, 1970.

67. Buchthal F, Rosenfalck P: Spontaneous electrical activity of human muscle. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol 20:321-336, 1966.

68. Kimura J: Electrodiagnosis in Diseases of Nerve and Muscle, Vol. 2. F.A. Davis, Philadelphia, 1989, pp 231-233.

69. Brown WF, Varkey GP: The origin of spontaneous electrical activity at the end-plate zone. Ann Neurol 10:557-60, 1981.

70. Partanen JV, Nousiainen U: End-plate spikes in electromyography are fusimotor unit potentials. Neurology 33:1039-1043, 1983.

71. Liley AW: An investigation of spontaneous activity at the neuromuscular junction of the rat. J Physiol 132:650-666, 1956.

72. Heuser J, Miledi R: Effect of lanthanum ions on function and structure of frog neuromuscular junctions. Proc R Soc Lond B 179:247-260, 1971.

73. Ito Y, Miledi R, Vincent A: Transmitter release induced by a factor' in rabbit serum. Proc R Soc Lond B 187:235-241, 1974.

74. Lin TY, Teixeir MJ, Pai HJ, Kaziyama HAS, Guedes E, Stump P Bergel R, Figueiro A, Azze RJ, Mattar Jr R, Imamura ST, Saito ET, Abramicus S: Cumulative trauma disorders [CTD]. The role of myofascial pain syndromes in the aetiology of pain. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):149, 1995 (Abstract).

75. Lin TY, Teixeira MJ, Kaziyama HHS, Pai HJ, Stump P, Horta C, Azze RJ, Mattar Jr R, Imamura S: Myofascial pain syndrome MPS] associated with reflex sympathetic dystrophy [RSD]. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1):150, 1995 (Abstract).

76. Lin TY, Teixeira MJ, Godinho ELP, Samuel . E, Franco FGM, Pai HJ, Figueiro JA, Altieri CE: Cervicogenic headache. J Musculoske Pain 3(Suppl 1): 151, 1995 (Abstract).

77. Hong C-Z, Torigoe Y, Yu J: The localized twitch responses in responsive taut bands of rabbit skeletal muscle fibers are related to the reflexes at spinal cord level. J Musculoske Pain 3(1):15-34, 1995.

78. Mense S: Referral of muscle pain: new aspects. Amer Pain Soc J 3:1-9, 1994.

79. Simons DG: Neurophysiological basis of pain caused by trigger points. Am Pain Soc

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